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Title 

Bovine colostrum prevents bacterial translocation in an intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-injured rat model

 

초유가 장 허혈/재관류 손상 모델 쥐에서 세균의 전이 예방

Authors 

H S ChoiK H JungS C LeeS V YimJ H ChungY W KimW K JeonH P HongY G KoChul Ho KimK H JangS A Kang

Publisher 

Mary Ann Liebert

Issue Date 

2009

Citation 

Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 37-46

Keywords 

bacterial translocationbovine colostrumintestineischemia/reperfusionoxygen-free radicalspro-inflammatory cytokines

Abstract 

This study evaluated whether or not bovine colostrum (BC) is able to treat or prevent intestinal barrier damage, bacterial translocation, and the related systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in an intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injured rat model. Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The rats' intestinal I/R injuries were induced by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 30 minutes. After 3 hours of reperfusion and then twice daily reclamping during the experiment, the experimental group was given BC (4 mL/kg/day) perorally, and the other groups received 0.9 saline and low fat milk (LFM) after intestinal I/R injury. Seventy-two hours later we assessed (1) intestinal damage and intestinal permeability, (2) enteric bacterial count and bacterial translocation, (3) serum albumin, protein, and hepatic enzyme levels, (4) pathologic findings of ileum and lung, (5) activity of oxygen-free radical species, and (6) pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β). Intestinal damage, intestinal permeability, and bacterial translocation to other organs were significantly reduced in rats fed with BC after I/R when compared to rats fed LFM/saline after I/R (P < .05). In the evaluation of acute lung injury, neutrophils were found only in the lungs of the saline-fed group after I/R, and the wet/dry ratio of the lung tissue was significantly reduced in the BC-fed group after I/R compared to other I/R groups. A marked difference was found between LFM/saline-fed groups and BC-fed groups regarding malondialdehyde (P < .05) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (P < .01). In conclusion, BC may have beneficial effects in treating and preventing intestinal barrier damage, bacterial translocation and the related SIRS and MODS in the intestinal I/R-injured rat model.

ISSN 

1096-620X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2007.0613

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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