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Title 

Proteolytic activation of the 1918 influenza virus hemagglutinin

 

1918 인플루엔자 바이러스 헤마글루티닌 단백질의 효소분해에 의한 활성화

Authors 

C ChaipanD KobasaS BertramI GlowackaI SteffenT S TsegayeM TakedaT H BuggeSemi KimYoung Woo ParkA MarziS Pohlmann

Publisher 

American Society for Microbiology

Issue Date 

2009

Citation 

Journal of Virology, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 3200-3211

Keywords 

hemagglutinin, human influenza A virusinfluenza virus hemagglutinininfluenza virus A H1N1hemagglutinin glycoproteins, influenza virusinfluenza a virus, H1N1 subtype

Abstract 

Proteolytic activation of the hemagglutinin (HA) protein is indispensable for influenza virus infectivity, and the tissue expression of the responsible cellular proteases impacts viral tropism and pathogenicity. The HA protein critically contributes to the exceptionally high pathogenicity of the 1918 influenza virus, but the mechanisms underlying cleavage activation of the 1918 HA have not been characterized. The neuraminidase (NA) protein of the 1918 influenza virus allows trypsin-independent growth in canine kidney cells (MDCK). However, it is at present unknown if the 1918 NA, like the NA of the closely related strain A/WSN/33, facilitates HA cleavage activation by recruiting the proprotease plasminogen. Moreover, it is not known which pulmonary proteases activate the 1918 HA. We provide evidence that NA-dependent, trypsin-independent cleavage activation of the 1918 HA is cell line dependent and most likely plasminogen independent since the 1918 NA failed to recruit plasminogen and neither exogenous plasminogen nor the presence of the A/WSN/33 NA promoted efficient cleavage of the 1918 HA. The transmembrane serine protease TMPRSS4 was found to be expressed in lung tissue and was shown to cleave the 1918 HA. Accordingly, coexpression of the 1918 HA with TMPRSS4 or the previously identified HA-processing protease TMPRSS2 allowed trypsin-independent infection by pseuodotypes bearing the 1918 HA, indicating that these proteases might support 1918 influenza virus spread in the lung. In summary, we show that the previously reported 1918 NA-dependent spread of the 1918 influenza virus is a cell line-dependent phenomenon and is not due to plasminogen recruitment by the 1918 NA. Moreover, we provide evidence that TMPRSS2 and TMPRSS4 activate the 1918 HA by cleavage and therefore may promote viral spread in lung tissue.

ISSN 

0022-538X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02205-08

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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