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Title 

Investigation of the biological indicator for vaccine efficacy against highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus challenge in mice and ferrets

Authors 

M S SongT K OhP N Q PascuaH J MoonJ H LeeY H BaekK J WooY YoonM H SungHaryoung PooC J KimY K Choi

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2009

Citation 

Vaccine, vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 3145-3152

Keywords 

HPAI H5N1vaccinebiological markercross-protection

Abstract 

To investigate the biological indicator for vaccine efficacy against HPAI H5N1 virus challenge of varying clades, two inactivated whole-virus H5N1 vaccines containing the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of either clade 2.2 A/EM/Korea/W149/06 (RgKoreaW149/06xPR8) or clade 2.5 A/Ck/Korea/ES/03 (RgKoreaES223N/03XPR8) virus in the background of A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) were generated by reverse genetics. Administration of the vaccines (2-dose 1.77, 3.5, 7.5 or 15μg of HA) elicited high HI titers in a dose-dependent manner. Mice immunized with RgKoreaW149/06xPR8 were completely protected from challenge against wild-type A/EM/Korea/W149/06 without clinical signs of infection. RgKoreaES223N/03XPR8 could not protect mice at 1.77μg while all immunized ferrets were completely protected. Two-dose (7.5μg) vaccinated mice (HI titer ≥320) and triple dose (7.5μg) vaccinated ferrets with RgKoreaES223N/03xPR8 (HI titer ≥640) protected vaccine recipients from mortality, inhibited nasal virus shedding and limited influenza virus tropism. Thus, these vaccines provided cross-protectivity in both models. More importantly, these results collectively suggested a positive correlation between vaccine-induced HI titers and inhibition of virus shedding including block of viral proliferation in major organs against a heterologous HPAI H5N1 virus. Although developing technologies or methods that will enable the reduction of administration dose/frequency remains to be resolved, our study demonstrated a considerable biological marker (≥640 HI titer) for full protection of the vaccinated hosts that could provide a preliminary basis for the assessment of complete immunization.

ISSN 

0264-410X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.03.061

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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