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Title 

Angiogenic activity of sesamin through the activation of multiple signal pathways

Authors 

B H ChungJung Joon LeeJ D KimD JeoungH LeeJ ChoeK S HaY G KwonY M Kim

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2010

Citation 

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 391, no. 1, pp. 254-260

Keywords 

AngiogenesisEndothelial cellSesaminSignal cascadeVascular inflammation

Abstract 

The natural product sesamin has been known to act as a potent antioxidant and prevent endothelial dysfunction. We here found that sesamin increased in vitro angiogenic processes, such as endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation, as well as neovascularization in an animal model. This compound elicited the activation of multiple angiogenic signal modulators, such as ERK, Akt, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), NO production, FAK, and p38 MAPK, but not Src. The MEK inhibitor PD98059 and the PI3K inhibitor Wortmannin specifically inhibited sesamin-induced activation of the ERK and Akt/eNOS pathways. These inhibitors reduced angiogenic events, with high specificity for MEK/ERK-dependent cell proliferation and migration and PI3K/Akt-mediated tube formation. Moreover, inhibition of p38 MAPK effectively inhibited sesamin-induced cell migration. The angiogenic activity of sesamin was not associated with VEGF expression. Furthermore, this compound did not induce vascular permeability and upregulated ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression, which are hallmarks of vascular inflammation. These results suggest that sesamin stimulates angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo through the activation of MEK/ERK-, PI3K/Akt/eNOS-, p125FAK-, and p38 MAPK-dependent pathways, without increasing vascular inflammation, and may be used for treating ischemic diseases and tissue regeneration.

ISSN 

0006-291X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.11.045

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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