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Title 

Growth and invasion of sporadic colorectal adenocarcinomas in terms of genetic change

Authors 

S A RohE Y ChoiD H ChoS J JangSeon-Young KimYong Sung KimJ C Kim

Publisher 

Korean Academy of Medical Sciences

Issue Date 

2010

Citation 

Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 353-360

Abstract 

Integrative genetic changes were examined in relation to tumor growth and progression of sporadic colorectal cancers. Ninety-two sporadic colorectal cancer patients and 12 human colorectal cancer cell lines were evaluated. Genetic changes in representative steps of colorectal tumorigenesis were determined. Biological characteristics, i.e., clinicopathologic parameters, expression of invasion-associated molecules, and in vitro invasion and migration, in association with these changes were further analyzed. Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and/or Wnt-activated alterations occurred in 66% patients, whereas mismatch repair (MMR) defects and/or RAF-mediated alterations were identified in 47% patients. The crossover rate between these two alterations was 26%. Differential mRNA expression of ARK5 was closely associated with that of MMP2, MMP9, and S100A4 (P< or =0.044-0.001). Additionally, enhanced ARK5 mRNA expression was more frequent in tumors displaying RAF-mediated alterations and crossover pathways (P=0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Upregulation of CEA mRNA was more common in the advanced stages (P=0.034), while VEGF expression was greater in poorly differentiated or mucinous tumors (P=0.042). The high expressions of MMP2 and MMP9 were closely associated with invasion and migration of colorectal tumors and cell lines. Our results conclusively show that specific pathways of colorectal tumorigenesis are closely associated with characteristic tumor growth and invasion.

ISSN 

1011-8934

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2010.25.3.353

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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