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Title 

CUG2, a novel oncogene confers reoviral replication through Ras and p38 signaling pathway

Authors 

E H ParkI R ChoR SrisutteeHye Jin MinM J OhY J JeongB H JhunR N JohnstonS LeeSang Seok KohY H Chung

Publisher 

Nature Publishing Group

Issue Date 

2010

Citation 

Cancer Gene Therapy, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 307-314

Keywords 

CUG2P38 MAPKRasReovirus

Abstract 

As we have recently found a novel oncogene, the cancer-upregulated gene 2 (CUG2), which was elevated in a variety of tumor tissues such as the ovary, liver, lung and pancreas, we examined whether reovirus could efficiently induce cytolysis in cancer cells expressing CUG2 and thus be used as a potential cancer therapeutic agent. In this study, we describe experiments in which we use reovirus to treat NIH3T3 cells stably expressing either CUG2 (NIH-CUG2) or vector only (NIH-Vec). NIH-CUG2 cells readily support reoviral proliferation and undergo apoptosis, whereas NIH-Vec cells are highly resistant to reoviral infection and virus-induced apoptosis. This notable result may be explained by the observation that CUG2 expression inhibits PKR activation, leading to reoviral proliferation in nonpermissive NIH3T3 cells. Furthermore, reovirus infection results in almost complete regression of tumorgenic NIH-CUG2 cells in transplanted nude mice. As we found that CUG2 enhances activation of MAPK (ERK, JNK and p38), Src kinase and Ras, we examined whether CUG2 confers reoviral replication independent of the Ras or p38 MAPK signaling pathway. From these experiments we found that either inhibition of p38 MAPK or Ras blocks reoviral proliferation even in the presence of CUG2 but inhibition of ERK, JNK and Src kinase does not, indicating that activation of p38 MAPK and Ras has critical roles in reoviral replication in CUG2-expressing tumor cells. Accordingly, we propose that reovirus can be useful in the treatment of transformed cells expressing CUG2, which is commonly detected in various tumor tissues.

ISSN 

0929-1903

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cgt.2009.83

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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