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Title 

Down-regulation of HIF-1α by oncolytic reovirus infection independently of VHL and p53

Authors 

I R ChoSang Seok KohHye Jin MinE H ParkS RatakornB H JhunS H JeongY H YooH D YounR N JohnstonY H Chung

Publisher 

Nature Publishing Group

Issue Date 

2010

Citation 

Cancer Gene Therapy, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 365-372

Keywords 

Hypoxic inducible factor-1aRenal carcinomaReovirusVon Hippel Lindau (VHL)YC-1

Abstract 

Many oncolytic viruses are currently being tested as potential cancer therapeutic agents. To be effective, these viruses must replicate and propagate efficiently through the tumor mass. However, it is possible that the hypoxia that characterizes many tumors may be an obstacle to viral therapy because of its inhibition of viral replication and propagation. We, therefore, decided to test how oncolytic reovirus and its target cells respond to hypoxia. We found that reovirus infection suppresses hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α protein levels (but not transcript abundance) in colon cancer HCT116 cells under CoCl 2 or hypoxia. Reovirus infection was able to reduce HIF-1α levels in both von Hippel Lindau (VHL)\renal carcinoma A498 and p53\HCT116 cells, indicating that the decrease of HIF-1α mediated by reovirus requires neither VHL nor p53 proteins. However, treatment with the inhibitor MG132 restored HIF-1α levels, suggesting that reovirus-induced HIF-1α decrease needs proteosomal activity. A498 VHL\cells with constitutive expression of HIF-1α were relatively resistant to reovirus-induced apoptosis when compared with A498 VHL\cells. However, we found that the use of YC-1 to target HIF-1α promoted reovirus-induced apoptosis in A498 VHL\cells. Accordingly, we propose that reovirus may be used together with YC-1 as a potential therapeutic agent against chemoresistant or radioresistant tumors that are hypoxic and show increased levels of HIF-1α.

ISSN 

0929-1903

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cgt.2009.84

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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