상세 정보

underline
Metadata Downloads : dc(xml) or Excel
Cited 0 time in scopus ci

Title 

Rapamycin promotes the osteoblastic differentiation of human embryonic stem cells by blocking the mTOR pathway and stimulating the BMP/Smad pathway

Authors 

K W LeeJ Y YookMi Young SonMin Joung KimD B KooY M HanYeesook Cho

Publisher 

Mary Ann Liebert

Issue Date 

2010

Citation 

Stem Cells and Development, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 557-568

Abstract 

Studies revealed that PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling is important in the regulation of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) self-renewal and differentiation. However, its action on osteogenic differentiation of hESCs is poorly understood. We tested the effects of pharmacological PI3K/AKT/mTOR inhibitors on their potential to induce osteogenic differentiation of hESCs. Under feeder-free culture conditions, rapamycin (an mTOR inhibitor) potently inhibited the activities of mTOR and p70S6K in undifferentiated hESCs; however, LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor) and an AKT inhibitor had no effects. Treatment with any of these inhibitors down-regulated the hESC markers Oct4 and Nanog, but only rapamycin induced the up-regulation of the early osteogenic markers BMP2 and Runx2. We also observed that hESCs differentiated when treated with FK506, a structural analog of rapamycin, but did not exhibit an osteogenic phenotype. Increases in Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and Id1-4 mRNA expression indicated that rapamycin significantly stimulated BMP/Smad signaling. After inducing both hESCs and human embryoid bodies (hEBs) for 2-3 weeks with rapamycin, osteoblastic differentiation was further characterized by the expression of osteoblastic marker mRNAs and/or proteins (osterix, osteocalcin, osteoprotegerin, osteonectin, and bone sialoprotein), alkaline phosphatase activity, and alizarin red S staining for mineralized bone nodule formation. No significant differences in the osteogenic phenotypes of rapamycin-differentiated hESCs and hEBs were detected. Our results suggest that, among these 3 inhibitors, only rapamycin functions as a potent stimulator of osteoblastic differentiation of hESCs, and it does so by modulating rapamycin-sensitive mTOR and BMP/Smad signaling.

ISSN 

1547-3287

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/scd.2009.0147

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


There are no files associated with this item.
qrcode

FusionCharts.
DSpace Software Coptright(c) 2010 MIT and Hewleft-Packard  /  KRIBB-REPOSITORY ( Email:jakim@kribb.re.kr)