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Title 

In vitro inhibitory activity of Alpinia katsumadai extracts against influenza virus infection and hemagglutination

Authors 

H J KwonHa-hyeon KimSo Young YoonYoung Bae RyuJ S ChangK O ChoMun Chual RhoSu-Jin ParkWoo Song Lee

Publisher 

BioMed Central

Issue Date 

2010

Citation 

Virology Journal, vol. 7, no. 0, pp. 307-307

Abstract 

Background: Alpinia katsumadai (AK) extracts and fractions were tested for in vitro antiviral activities against influenza virus type A, specially human A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) and avian A/Chicken/Korea/MS96/96 (H9N2), by means of time-of-addition experiments; pre-treatment, simultaneous treatment, and post treatment. Results. In pre-treatment assay, the AK extracts and AK fractions did not show significant antiviral activity. During the simultaneous treatment assay, one AK extract and five AK fractions designated as AK-1 to AK-3, AK-5, AK-10, and AK-11 showed complete inhibition of virus infectivity against A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) and A/Chicken/Korea/MS96/96 (H9N2). The 50% effective inhibitory concentrations (EC50) of these one AK extracts and five AK fractions with exception of the AK-9 were from 0.8 ± 1.4 to 16.4 ± 4.5 μg/mL against A/PR/8/34 (H1N1). The two AK extracts and three AK fractions had EC50values ranging from <0.39 ± 0.4 to 2.3 3.6 μg/mL against A/Chicken/Korea/MS96/96 (H9N2). By the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay, the two AK extracts and five AK fractions completely inhibited viral adsorption onto chicken RBCs at less than 100 g/mL against both A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) and A/Chicken/Korea/MS96/96 (H9N2). Interestingly, only AK-3 was found with inhibition for both viral attachment and viral replication after showing extended antiviral activity during the post treatment assay and quantitative real-time PCR. Conclusions. These results suggest that AK extracts and fractions had strong anti-influenza virus activity that can inhibit viral attachment and/or viral replication, and may be used as viral prophylaxis. ? 2010 Kwonet al licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

ISSN 

1743-422X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1743-422X-7-307

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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